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The Alternative to Fogging – Misting

Mosquito Biting

Do you often hear people fogging in your housing area during the hottest months of the year? Well you might hear them all year round as Singapore is located in a tropical region, receiving considerable amounts of sun and rainfall due to two different monsoons. With a humid and wet weather all year round, it’s the ideal breeding place for mosquitoes.

Like all living beings, mosquitoes go through a life cycle with an average lifespan of two weeks to six months. Adult female mosquitoes will lay their eggs in places that has water, allowing the eggs to develop into larvae and pupae, before becoming free-flying land insects. During the early stages of mosquito development, it’s crucial to take the necessary actions to reduce their population.

In recent weeks, cases of dengue infection have been surging on the island with weekly numbers exceeding the 1,000 mark. As more people opt to stay home due to the COVID-19 pandemic, it’s very likely that the number of dengue infections will rise.

To combat the rising number of cases, the National Environment Agency (NEA) has decided to impose enhanced penalties for those found to be breeding mosquitoes. It’s one of the ways for the government to combat dengue transmission around the island. Additionally, every Singaporean also has a role to play in the fight against dengue infection.

Before diving into the various methods to control mosquito population, it’s best to understand how dengue is transmitted, its symptoms and risks.

Dengue transmission 

Like any other infectious disease, dengue is transmitted by infected Aedes mosquitoes. The following are the ways that a person can be infected with dengue.

  • Mosquito bites – Dengue is often transmitted to humans through the bites of infected female Aedes mosquitoes. The virus replicates itself in the mosquito’s midgut, before disseminating it into the human’s secondary tissues, including salivary glands. Female Aedes mosquitoes are attracted by standing water in containers as they require water to develop their eggs. Besides, these mosquitoes prefer to bite people to obtain the protein found in human blood.

  • Maternal transmission – This transmission isn’t common but studies have found that it’s possible for pregnant women to pass the virus to her foetus during pregnancy or around the time of birth.

 

Symptoms of dengue infection

To know whether you or anyone you know have been infected with dengue, the symptoms of mild dengue include:

  • Sudden onset of fever for several days

  • Severe headache

  • Pain behind the eyes

  • Muscle and joint pain

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Swollen glands

  • Rashes.

 

For those who have prior history of being infected with dengue, you are likely to develop severe dengue. The symptoms include:

  • Severe abdominal pain

  • Persistent vomiting

  • Rapid breathing

  • Bleeding gums

  • Fatigue

  • Restlessness

  • Blood in vomit.

 

If you develop any of these severe symptoms, it’s best to seek immediate medical treatment. Otherwise, it can turn into a life-threatening situation. This year alone, 16 fatalities have been reported by the NEA.

Aside from taking immediate actions to safeguard your health as well as others, it’s important to identify the possible breeding grounds of Aedes mosquitoes around your house and its surroundings.

Signs of mosquito invasion 

The easiest way to spot mosquitoes are their annoying high-pitched buzzing sound. With its small-winged body, mosquitoes can fly anywhere they want without being detected. Other than that, bites are the most obvious giveaway on your body, ranging from mild irritation to swelling. Only adult female Aedes mosquitoes feed on blood, while the males feed on nectar and sweet things. Besides, if you happen to be dressed in dark outfit or standing at dark areas, you could be their next target. As mentioned earlier, mosquitoes are attracted to still waters where they can lay their eggs. So, if you spot any stagnant water in any container around your house, change the water as frequent as possible to eliminate the possible breeding grounds for Aedes mosquitoes.

When should you seek disinfection services? 

If you see a spike in the number of dengue infections in your neighbourhood, it’s time to seek for a mosquito control service. With a variety of solutions to tackle the threat posed by mosquitoes, chemical control are widely used to complement environmental management. Chemical control include the use of larvicides, adulticides, residual treatment, space sprays and treatment cycle.

As an emergency measure to combat dengue infection in Singapore, local authorities are likely to resort to space sprays such as fogging or misting. Ahead, we’re sharing the differences between fogging and misting, while looking at the pros and cons of each mosquito control solution.

  

Fogging vs Misting

Fogging 

A technique used to eliminate insects using fine pesticide spray directed by a blower which produces the loud sound you hear during fogging process. While these blowers are effective mosquito killers, they require the use of chemical pesticides to kill flying adult mosquitoes. Although fogging is great to cover large areas, the smell of the pesticide may be unpleasant to some. Besides, the fog is easily affected by weather conditions. As it involves the use of chemical, care and caution must be taken while handling the device.

 

Misting 

Compared to fogging, misting is a safer and eco-friendly alternative. Although the process is similar to fogging, it involves dispensing thin mist of environmental-friendly chemicals across large areas. Additionally, the chemicals released are harmless to the surrounding flora and fauna. Once the mosquitoes feed on plant sap or come into contact with the vegetation coated with the mist, they’re killed instantly. Besides, the chemicals are not easily worn down by weather conditions, which is ideal for use all year round.

If you’re a keen environmentalist, misting is the way to go to combat dengue infection in your neighbourhood. Aside from safeguarding the health of those around you, you’ll get to eliminate mosquitoes in a more efficient way.

At PestBusters, we offer an integrated pest management programme, designed to strike out and fully eliminate pest infestations. Among the strategies that we have to combat dengue infection on the island are larviciding, BTI (Bacillus Thuringiensis Israelensis) and misting.

 

Don’t wait too long to contact us as you may prolong the chance of mosquitoes breeding around your house or neighbourhood. Contact us at 3163 4415 or enquire online today for a total removal of mosquitoes!